Chapter 10 on page 437 it talks about gender and ethnic differences in Math. I do not like math but maybe that is only because I am not good at it. Do you agree with the chapter that male students tend to outperform female students on standard college exams? Is this something that you have seen in your classrooms? Do you feel ethnicity also plays a role or makes a difference?
Wednesday, March 30, 2011
This topic interests me the most from this chapter because Maslow's understanding of human motivation has had an important influence in the fields of medicine and health. This is the field I teach in. The needs hierarchy provides a useful framework for understanding patients and has been incorporated into several important theories of health care. Needs-oriented theories also emphasize the role in helping the patient to meet his or her physiological and psychosocial needs. Maslow believed that these needs play a major role in motivating behavior. Maslow termed the highest-level of the pyramid as growth needs (Desire to grow as a person). There are five different levels in Maslow’s hierarchy of needs: Physiological needs which include the most basic needs that are vital to survival, such as the need for water, air, food and sleep. Security needs are important for survival, but they are not as demanding as the physiological needs. Examples of security needs may include a desire for steady employment, health insurance, safe neighborhoods and shelter from the environment. Social needs include needs for belonging, love and affection, relationships such as friendships, romantic attachments and families. This may also include involvement in social, community or religious groups. Esteem needs such as self-esteem, personal worth, social recognition and accomplishment. Then most important Self-actualizing needs which is the highest level of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Self-actualizing people are self-aware, concerned with personal growth, less concerned with the opinions of others and interested fulfilling their potential.